Since his creation, the mankind has benefited from natural agents such as heat, cold and the light. These agents have been used increasingly in human life in an expanded range, from daily usage to rehabilitation and treatment purposes.

However, modern usage of physical agents has been started since Second World War to rehabilitate injured people and modify their disabilities. Therefore to meet such needs the major of Physiotherapy has been codified. (However, the major of physiotherapy, as a unique field of study, has been codified since Second World War, when the necessities to rehabilitate injured people and modify their disabilities emerged.)

Physiotherapy or Physical Therapy has been defined based on various aspects. Some defined it as a field of study in which patients undertake physical agents in the therapy protocol but others emphasized on the physical aspects of the treatment in comparison with psychological therapies. On the other hand, physiotherapy was also defined as a group of treatment protocols, which were shaped based on Physiological nature of the body as well, and thus, no related adverse effects to the body organs and functions could be expected.

Dramatic development of modern technology helps Physiotherapists to prevent disabilities and evaluate and rehabilitate patients more specifically. Nowadays, Physiotherapy is divided into various specific categories. Specialist physiotherapists may consult and rehabilitate several patients in different areas of medicine including: Musculoskeletal conditions, Neurology, Burn injuries, Women health, Rheumatology, Respiratory conditions, Pelvic floor dysfunctions, Sport, Geriatrics, Fitness and beauty. To achieve these goals, different modern technologies have been adapted. The LASER, Electromagnetic Fields, Radiofrequency waves, Electrical currents, Ultrasound waves, Shockwaves, Infra red and ultraviolet waves are some of such technologies used in physiotherapy. In addition to modern technology, the physiotherapists’ hands can heal pain and dysfunctions very efficiently. Manipulation, mobilization, facial release, nerve mobilization, muscle energy techniques, functional therapy, taping and dry needling are some examples of techniques which need both physiotherapists knowledge and hand art.

At the end, it is worth mentioning that because of the tremendous improvement of physiotherapy in both qualitative and quantitative aspects, “bachelor of physiotherapy” degree is enough neither to cover all aspects of this expanded field of knowledge nor to train specialist physiotherapists. Therefore, along with many other developed countries, our department has planned to improve the level of studies from bachelor degree to doctor of physiotherapy, and expand it to different specific residencies.

Dr Noureddin Karimi, PhD, MSc, BSc, PT

Chair and Assistant Professor

Department of physiotherapy